Mashhad is Iran’s second largest city and has more than 3 million inhabitants. Mashad gets its name from the 8th Imam Reza and buried here since the 9th century, the Shia pilgrimage site of Iran. His enormous mausoleum with impressive mosque makes this city pilgrimage center of Iran. Older Tus, now part of Mashhad, the birthplace of Ferdowsi. This poet of the year 1000 lives on in his Persian epic the Shahnameh.
A visit to Mashhad itself is particularly interesting because of Imam Reza. Mashad is also an excellent base for visiting Tus (Ferdowsi) Neyshapur (Khayyam) or in transit to / from Turkmenistan along Silk Road .Mashad has excellent air, bus and train connections to all major cities in Iran.